Arguments are encompassed in a majority of the parts of the life of a person. They are opinions and ideas that try to change the existing systems. For instance, a person may bargain the price of a commodity with the seller. The merchant that is selling the commodity may be compelled by the argument of the buyer to reduce the price. In short, arguments are a part of our everyday life. There are two broad types of arguments namely; deductive and inductive arguments. A deductive argument represents an argument whereby the truth in the argument follows the truth in the conclusion whereas an inductive argument is where the truth of a conclusion does not have to follow the truth in the argument.

It is true that an argument can arise from any piece of text that tries to express an opinion or a point of view concerning a given matter. Various items that people use in their daily lives could be attributed to raising various kinds of arguments. A Rolex watch raises an inductive argument as it could be seen as an item that raises the social standard of the wearer. However, others could argue that the watch is overpriced and unnecessary. A belated birthday card raises the opinion of an ally who had purpose to send you a card but perhaps was busy. Another argument it may raise is that the sender didn’t care about the birthday which is deductive. A health warning on a cigarette package brings up an inductive argument where the consumer uses it despite the fact that a health warning is there. The “explicit lyrics” on a best-selling rock CD and a Livestrong bracelet do not necessarily raise an argument. A Boston Red sox cap, in my opinion, raises an opinion of the wearer being a fan of the team which makes it a deductive argument.

There are various reasons why people make arguments. People argue out because they are invited by other people to join in the argument. On the other hand, other people may argue out in order to establish trust between them and other people. In the two days I tried to look at the reasons that led me to argue with other people. A majority of the arguments that I landed were as a result of trying to persuade and convince the other party to accept my point of view. For instance, there was an argument on which was the fastest way to college between the subway which is a longer route and the highly congested road. In my opinion the subway provided the fastest means to reach the college. There were also arguments that arose when I tried to explore the history of colonization in Africa. Therefore, most arguments are as a result of interaction with other people in a bid to change their point of view of a given matter. I majorly participated in the invitational arguments. In the two days I had seven arguments with the aim to persuade, five with the aim to convince, eight to inform or explain a point, two arguments with the aim to explore a given topic and one argument to meditate.

There are various occasions that lead to an argument. According to (“Effects Of Colonialism On Africa’s Past And Present | Pambazuka News”), Africa would never have emulated European cultures if they had not been colonized. This is a good example of a forensic argument. The author, Motsoko Pheko, argues in a bid to sensitize the effect of colonization on the African culture. His arguments are pointed towards the academic class and any other person seeking to clarify the effect of European colonization in Africa. The argument in this article fully convinces the audience that colonization played a big role in eroding the African culture. On the other hand, an article by (Kander, Jason) seeks to describe the transparency in the election of Trump. It is an example of a ceremonial argument that focuses on the just concluded elections. The authors, Kander and Jason, focus their argument to those who believe the recent American elections were not transparent. The author is not able to fully convince the majority that the electoral process was not interfered with. Lastly, the article{}, seeks to argue out that in case the  environment continues to be polluted, the earth may not be inhabitable. This article represents a deliberative argument by an author who is enthusiastic about conservation of the environment. The author,[], seeks to persuade the populace in general to improve their efforts in conserving the environment for the sake of future generations. This argument fully convinces the reader that there is dire need to protect the environment.

 

The famous USDA organic label evokes an logos and pathos appeal to those who come across it in the various commodities they buy and consume. This label plays a big role in appealing credibility of a given product as healthy to the population that believes in organic products. The Golden arches especially in McDonald’s products, a can of Coca-Cola, and Oprah Winfrey, invoke the logos appeal to the loyal consumers of the brands. Many people are easily able to identify with the various labels that they are loyal to. The sleeping beauty’s castle on the Disney logo creates a pathos appeal to the kids of meeting their dreams every time they interact with the Disney logo. The Sean John label as seen on its website creates the appeal of all three, pathos, logos and ethos as a fashion brand to those interested in pants. The ground zero at the world Trade centre site creates an ethos and pathos appeal. The AIDS ribbons creates an ethos appeal to those who are affected by the pandemic, which is basically everyone.

The SUV sticker is a response to the people that actions need to be undertaken in a timely manner to create patriotism in them. The background of the sticker is an image of the American flag which invokes patriotism among the American people and those that admire the nation. The argument for others could be to reconsider how patriotic they are. Another argument could be that as most of the gas used in motor vehicles is imported and therefore making the American dream of driving SUVs on imported gas as being unpatriotic. The major argument from this sticker could be that as most the move by most Americans to use SUVs is an unpatriotic move as they pollute the environment. If this is the argument, then most American drivers will be compelled to change from driving SUVs and instead go for environmental friendly vehicles.

 

 

Works Cited

Edwards, Ciele. “Future Effects Of Pollution.” LIVESTRONG.COM, 2017, http://www.livestrong.com/article/268337-future-effects-of-pollution/.

“Effects Of Colonialism On Africa’s Past And Present | Pambazuka News.” Pambazuka.Org, 2017, https://www.pambazuka.org/global-south/effects-colonialism-africas-past-and-present.

Kander, Jason. “Trump’s Electoral Commission Is A Sham.” CNN, 2017, http://edition.cnn.com/2017/05/31/opinions/trump-threat-democracy-opinion-kander/index.html.