The ancient Greek was classified by a lot of inequalities that included gender discrimination, social classes, individual backgrounds, and age. The society, like other societies, was full of cultural beliefs that controlled and only allowed people qualified for certain positions to have total control over the others (Clogg, 2013). The ancient Greek was also known for the slavery that was evident from the high number of slaves in the cities who were acquired from wars. The old Greek lifestyle was full of cultural and social activities that made it a point of interest for study by several historical researchers and writers. The study will analyze the viability of the ancient Greek, weaknesses of the society realized and recommendations for the observations. The ancient Greek society portrays a standard traditional set up of most cultural based societies that had beliefs and norms to control their ways of conducting their duties.

  1. Slavery in the Ancient Greek society

Slavery occurred normally in the Ancient Greek as most of the slaves were acquired from the wars that they fought their neighboring countries. According to the Greeks, the slaves were inferior human beings who were born to be ruled a characteristic they achieved from their ancestors (Clogg, 2013). The Greeks also believed in their complex nature that put them at the forefront of leadership hence would be the leaders of the world. The number of slaves in Greek are estimated at each citizen having one slave even though other individuals owned several slaves (Clogg, 2013). The ancient Greek had the highest population of slaves in the entire world resulting from their belief in leadership.

The high number of slaves also resulted from the different classification of opportunities for the slaves which ranged from tendering the farms, security of homes, making food and taking care of the livestock (Clogg, 2013). Farming was not a great activity for the high class individuals which made them to have small portions of land and fewer slaves on those lands, the rest of the slaves were ever on motion during trade, war and gathering food for the families. Consequently the treatment of the slaves became severe as time passed where most slaves were treated with harshness as some were beaten, treated as thieves and even sold away for war.

  1. The role of women in the society

Just like most societies, the women in the ancient Greek did not have a lot of responsibility or leadership positions in their communities. Women had a priority in rearing their children and making sure food was always ready for their men (Dunham, 2014). Women also never had the rights to vote in any elections since men were the majority of leaders in the society. Moreover, women were also never allowed ownership of any piece of land in the society. All the lands were owned by men who would make all decisions on how to transfer them to their male children (Dunham, 2014). Women therefore, did, not have much value to the society leadership but had a clear responsibility in their homesteads.

  1. The role of children in the society

The ancient Greek valued education for their children, both male and female children. The male children were offered opportunities to the society’s military once done with the education system or would be given leadership positions (Dunham, 2014). Other aspects of the society where the children were absorbed included sports such as marathon and music festivals. On the other hand, girls were educated in preparation for their task to rear children (Dunham, 2014). Girls were mostly taught on the family duties, how to make sure the children are adequately provided for and means through which they would become better housewives to their men who were ever in the fields or at war (Ehrenberg, 2017). The children and adolescents of the society were allowed to attain their education in preparation for their destined roles in the society.

  1. Social class

The society was divided into three major social classes that dictated the activities and possessions of the individuals of the country. First of all, it is true to note that only male individuals had the privileges to own the majority of wealth in the ancient Greek (Ehrenberg, 2017). Also, among them existed divisions that were sampled depending on the type of land an individual owned or the business conducted by the individuals.

The highest class in the society were the best individuals who were also called the aristoi. The group of individuals owned the best pieces of the land regarding size and fertility (Ehrenberg, 2017). The city walls issued the land and the majority of this class comprised of the politicians of the economy. The best people dictated the activities that were conducted within the land and had the upper hand of decision making in political, social and economic decisions of the society (Ehrenberg, 2017).

Following closely is the second class of individuals who had lesser lands or lands that were not fertile as compared to those of individuals in the high class. The individuals were also known as the periokoi who had pieces of land away from the city (Ehrenberg, 2017). The social group was mainly dwellers who used to go to the society from the cities to the rural areas to conduct their activities (Ehrenberg, 2017). The property to the second class individuals received less protection as compared to the high-class individuals. The group soon disappeared as their pieces of lands were subdivided among their offspring.

The third class of the society constituted the business people who were regarded as the nouveau riche. The third class did not own land but had businesses and could conduct trade activities for their income (Rist, 2014). Despite the fact that they also control the economy of the land, their activities were major dictated by the high-class individuals. A lot of jealousy emerged among the individuals as the high-class individuals also started to develop their businesses to eradicate the social class (Rist, 2014). During their era, the third class also inclined to the high class through ownership of land, the property of income they received from their activities. It increased their chances to fall under the high class but were often overshadowed to the second class.

Technology advancement during the ancient Greek

As much as technology was not actively involved in the lives of human beings, the ancient Greek discovered the first water mill which is among their greatest achievements in technology. The water mill had the capability to produce power through use of water motion. The machine was used to harness energy that was used for production purposes (Crowley, 2015). Olympics was also invented in Greek as it was a social course for the male adolescents in the society who were trained on becoming members of the military. Other technology advancement included development of air and water pumps, clock and maps (Crowley, 2015). The ancient Greek was therefore among the first nations to put in place technology in their systems of production and daily activities to increase their efficiency (Crowley, 2015). However, the introduction of technology came with it some effects to the social, cultural and globalization.

  1. Impact on social beliefs

The ancient Greek had a lot of beliefs on the importee of slaves in the society which soon changed with the introduction of technology in their activities. Technology eased the work forced on the slaves and was easy to maintain (Crowley, 2015). Moreover, technology also changed the perception of the society on the role of education for their children. The initial beliefs for the society was on training their children for future roles in the society such as staying in the army and rearing children (Crowley, 2015). Technology also made the business class of individuals to incline to the high class of the society without influence of the politicians (Crowley, 2015). A lot of business opportunities had been realized and exhausted by the business men of the society who later on accumulated wealth to the level of becoming the high class individuals of the society.

  1. Impact on culture and religious systems

The religious beliefs of the ancient Greek focused on the existence of many gods and goddesses of the lands.  Moreover, the religious belief also had a lot of myths based on the existence of the gods and their interaction with the human beings (McClellan III, 2015). Furthermore, the religion also had values such as the moral issues within the society and standardized ethical codes of conduct for every individual in the society. The development of technology in the country led to further education that influenced their ability to adopt the Christian religious beliefs from their interaction with their neighbors (McClellan III, 2015).

  1. Impact of globalization

The ancient Greek believed on conquering other states to broaden their rule following their dominant impression of being born to lead. The introduction of technology in the land led to the influence of interaction among the Greeks and the neighboring countries regarding trade and benefits from the advanced technology (McClellan III, 2015). The trades opened the country to become a center for trading activities which has up to date influenced the work of the citizens of the country where business and technology development are significant achievements.

Viability of the ancient Greek

The culturally based community had a strong political leadership that led to peace and coexistence within the society. The members of the society were brought up with knowledge of how to interact with one another and their beliefs to help in understanding requirements of the society (Dodd, 2013). The political rule of the society was very effective as individuals never struggled for power, but power was based on possessions and ability to lead the community. In addition to that, responsibility was a major success factor to the ancient Greek. Despite the fact that women did not have a great chance for leadership and accountability in the society, they had a sense of responsibility for their families (Dodd, 2013). The level of responsibility enabled the community to allocate duties to both men and women in the society. The old Greek set up is, therefore, a perfect societal set up for a political and social rule with accurately designed responsibilities to avoid clashing of duties (Dodd, 2013).

Effectiveness of the ancient Greek

The history of the ancient Greek is used in history classes to educate on the traditional activities that took place within the world and the dynamism of the activities such as slavery that was withered by the development of technology (Dodd, 2013). Since Greek was the epitome of technology developed during the ancient periods, the graduation of the country from ancient activities to the contemporary activities is important in defining the level of change, benefits, and reasons for the change in every society.

Impact of the ancient Greek on the current society

The ancient Greek came up with democratic leadership where the people of the community were allowed to choose their leaders through elections. Despite the fact that women were not authorized to elect the leaders, democracy was introduced to help in defining what type of leadership the society admirers (Sacks, 2014). Democracy was introduced to rest of the world for its effectiveness and ability to include the entire community in the development of a nation’s leadership.

Nevertheless, the ancient Greek also introduced marathon that has become sporting activities developed earlier on during military training of the male adolescents of the ancient Greek society (McClellan III, 2015). Apart from becoming a sporting event, the training that was used in acquiring military out of the adolescents helped in developing a proper vetting means that is globally used in vetting and signing new military. The emulation of the vetting method is as a result of the strength of the ancient Greek’s military.

Finally, the ancient Greek also impacted the current generation with the development of artifact. The people of the ancient Greek designed artifacts that portrayed their gods, culture, and religion (Sacks, 2014). The talent to develop the artifact was widespread among the neighboring countries and spread globally and is currently used in several countries for the creation and design of their artifacts.


To sum up, the ancient Greek community is a culture based community that experienced transformation to the contemporary society. The study has actualized the relevant aspects of the community that included their social, cultural and political aspects to explain the relevance of the society, its viability, and impact. It is true to state that the ancient Greek demonstrated strict cultural practices, political practices and eventually experienced changes to create activities, technology, and leadership styles to be emulated by rest of the world.




Clogg, R. (2013). A concise history of Greece. Cambridge University Press.

Crowley, D., & Heyer, P. (2015). Communication in history: Technology, culture, society. Routledge.

Dodd, D., & Faraone, C. A. (Eds.). (2013). Initiation in ancient Greek rituals and narratives: New critical perspectives. Routledge.

Dunham, O. (2014). Private Speech, Public Pain: The Power of Women’s Laments in Ancient Greek Poetry and Tragedy. CrissCross1(1), 2.

Ehrenberg, J. R. (2017). Civil society: The critical history of an idea. NYU Press.

McClellan III, J. E., & Dorn, H. (2015). Science and technology in world history: an introduction. JHU Press.

Rist, G. (2014). The history of development: From western origins to global faith. Zed Books Ltd..

Sacks, D., Murray, O., & Brody, L. R. (2014). Encyclopedia of the ancient Greek world. Infobase Publishing.